Numeracy in Schools

Liz-Anne Eyford, educational math expert, offers insite into the current curriculum and how to continue the learning in the home.

Children have one

more year for repeating

patterns – up to

five elements for the

second graders. They

use objects, pictures,

sounds and actions to

create patterns with

three to five elements.

They describe the patterns

with letters. They

extend patterns in both

directions. One more

thing – children now

compare patterns and

describe similarities

and differences. All of

this learning is meant

to: deepen a child’s

power of observation,

strengthen their ability

to make connections

and develop their reasoning

skills. An excellent

task would be to

show your child how

to use the computer

and clip art to create


To review, this is an

AABBCDE pattern

that can be extended

in both directions:

___ Z Z Q Q X W

P Z Z Q Q X W P___

___ 9 3 4 4 7 9 3 4 4 7

___Name the number

pattern with letters


Blue Red Green

Black Black Blue Red

Green Black ….

You can see the colour

pattern here. With

your child, draw different

shapes and sizes

using these colours

and determine the pattern

before drawing.

You might do small

and large circles. You

might draw ovals that

are tall or wide. You

might draw outlines on

your shapes in different

colours or with different

lines, like solid

or dotted or zig zag.

Then ask each other

which repeating patterns

can you find?

Shape? Colour?

Size? Outline? Direction?

Grade two students

expand the study of

patterns with the formal

introduction to

increasing patterns.

Our number sequence

is one example: 1, 2, 3,

… Attention was paid

to the number of elements

in a repeating

pattern so now the

quantity must increase

in some regular manner.

It doesn’t have to

be one by one but that

is where children start

because of their familiarity

with counting.

We can still use all

the materials suggested

so far, along with

numbers. Here are a

few examples:

Bell, Book Book,

Plane Plane Plane,

Flag Flag Flag Flag,

Bell Bell Bell Bell Bell,

What might come

next? ___________

Marble, Car Car Car,

Pencil Pencil Pencil

Pencil Pencil, Bead

Bead Bead Bead Bead

Bead Bead… What


5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30…

How can your child

reproduce these patterns?

Extend them?

Though it is not expected

in Grade 2, you

can see that there is a

mathematical function

for each one and older

students will call that

the pattern rule. For

now, students need to

be able to say: going up

by 1s, counting by the

odd numbers, going

up by 5s. Children can

create and find different

ways to increase.

Hundreds charts are

particularly good for

finding increasing patterns.

With increasing patterns,

the extension is

only to the right, for

now. Next year, de-


creasing patterns are


Offer: Hundreds

charts – I have a variety

so let me know

what you would like to

practice with.

Email: for questions

or requests please message



Next Article: Grade

3 Patterning

– submitted by

Liz-Anne Eyford